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In Hurrian and Hittite Polytheism Teshub (also written Teshup or Tešup) is god of sky and storm. Taru is the name of a similar Hattic Storm God, whose mythology and worship as a primary deity continued and evolved through descendant Luwian and Hittite cultures. In these two, Taru is known as Tarhun / Tarhunt- / Tarhuwant- / Tarhunta, names derived from the Anatolian root *tarh "to defeat, conquer". Teshub is depicted holding a triple thunderbolt and a weapon, usually an axe (often double-headed) or mace. The sacred bull common throughout Anatolia is his signature animal, represented by his horned crown or by his steeds Seri and Hurri, who draw his chariot or carry him on their backs. The Hurrian myth of Teshub's origin—he was conceived when the god Kumarbi bit off and swallowed his father Anu's genitals, similarly to the Greek story of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus, which is recounted in Hesiod's Theogony. Teshub's brothers are Aranzah (personification of the river Tigris), Ullikummi (stone giant) and Tashmishu. In the Hurrian schema, Teshub is paired with Hebat the mother goddess; in the Hittite, with the sun goddess Arinniti of Arinna—a cultus of great antiquity which has similarities with the venerated bulls and mothers at Çatalhöyük in the Neolithic era. His son is called Sarruma, the mountain god. According to Hittite myths, one of Teshub's greatest acts was the slaying of the dragon Illuyanka.

It is possible that he resurfaced in later Urartian mythology as Theispas, another god of storms and lightning, and patron of their capital Tushpa.

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