Polydeism is a polytheistic form of Deism encompassing the belief that the universe was the collective creation of multiple Gods, each of whom created a piece of the universe and then ceased to interact with the universe. This concept addresses an apparent contradiction in Deism - that a monotheistic God created the universe, but now expresses no apparent interest in it - by supposing that if the universe is the construct of many gods, none of them would have an interest in the universe as a whole.
History of the termEdit
C. D. Broad, in a 1925 article, "The Validity of Belief in a Personal God," noted that the arguments for the existence of God only tend to prove that "a designing mind had existed in the past, not that it does exist now. It is quite compatible with this argument that God should have died long ago, or that he should have turned his attention to other parts of the Universe." Also, "there is nothing in the facts to suggest that there is only one such being."
Broad may have derived the concept from David Hume. According to one scholar, "David Hume's criticisms of the Argument from Design include the argument that, for all we know, a committee of very powerful, but not omnipotent, divine beings could have collaborated in creating the world, but then afterwards left it alone or even ceased to exist. This would be polydeism."
It has also been pointed out that the materialist may acknowledge superior beings without believing in a Supreme Being. Epicureanism was founded about 300 BC by Epicurus. Their world view might be called “polydeism”: there are many gods, but they are merely superhuman beings; they are remote, uninvolved in the world, posing no threat and offering no hope to human beings. Epicureans regarded traditional religion and idolatry as harmless enough as long as the gods were not feared or expected to do or say anything.