Ceres is the Roman goddess of growing plants (in particular cereals) and of motherly love. She is the daughter of Saturn and Rhea; the wife-sister of Jupiter; the mother of Proserpina by Jupiter; and sister to Juno, Vesta, Neptune and Pluto.

Her primary festival is the Cerealia or Ludi Ceriales ("games of Ceres"), instituted in the 3rd century BC and held annually on the 12th to 19th of April.

Twelve minor gods assisted her, each in charge of specific aspects of farming.