Amaterasu is the Shinto sun goddess and the principal deity of the Shinto faith. She was created by Izanagi after leaving the Underworld. When he washed his face in purification, Amaterasu sprang from his left eye. (The god Tsukiyomi sprang from his right and the god Susanoo sprang from his nose)
Until the end of World War II, the Imperial line of Japan is said to be directly descended from Amaterasu-omikami-sama.